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What Were The Last Words Revealed To Muhammad (sa)


The fifth surah of the Precious Qur'an, al‑Ma'idah, deals with the back slidingof the Jews and Christians from their pure religions. As a logical corollary to the deterioration of the earlier religions of Allah, the practical precepts ofIslam about food, cleanliness, justice, and fidelity are recapitu lated in thissurah. The third ayah of this surah is an extremely interesting one and is known to be among the last few words from Almighty Allah. This ayahconsists of three parts. Similar to a precious pearl which is hidden within a pairof shells to protect the valuable jewel, the cardinal issue in this ayah is enveloped in a pair of "shells" to ennoble the focal point in this ayah. The first part is:

"Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat, blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which hath been invoked the name of other than Allah. That which hath been killed by strangling or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by being gored to death. That which hath been (partly) eaten by a wild animal, unless you are able to slaughter it (in due form). That which is sacrificed on stone (altars). (Forbidden) is also the division (of meat) by raffling (gambling practised by pagans) with arrows. That is impiety..." V:3

The jewel of this ayah follows the important and memorable declaration which was announced during the farewell pilgrimage of Muhammad (SA), to Makkah in the tenth year of the Hijri calendar. Soon after the pilgrimage, he started for Madinah. On his way to Madinah, at Ghadir Khumm, three important events took place [21] one of which is the very last revelation, as follows:

"...This day have those who reject Faith given up all hope of your religion. Yet fear them not, but fear Me. This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion..." V:3

The holy prophet departed to the eternal world in less than 3 months after this revelation (on 28th Safar, 11 A.H.): [22]

The "shell" is then completed as follows:

"...But if any is forced by hunger, with no inclination to transgression, Allah is indeed Oft‑Forgiving, the Merciful." V:3

With this long ayah, Allah the Almighty perfects His religion (din) and calls it Islam.

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